Animal Model, Experimental Medicine and Coronaviruses
The Saudi Society for Clinical Laboratory Sciences held a virtual meeting, via a virtual broadcast, with the aim of arriving at a treatment for infection with the new corona virus, or an effective vaccine against the virus, entitled "Animal models, medical experiments and corona viruses", as part of the association’s activities series with the participation of six speakers and 5400 people attended.
The meeting was opened by the president of the Saudi Society for Clinical Laboratory Sciences, Dr. Khaled Khalaf Al-Harbi, and he mentioned that the scientific societies at King Saud University have the support and direct attention of the university president.
He added: "Recently, the association has been seeking to present new and distinguished topics in the field of clinical laboratories, and this meeting is one of several events listed to confront the pandemic of COVID-19."
He continued: "These meetings, training courses and all new developments in the science of clinical laboratories to raise the level of workers and specialists in this field and provide them with all new."
Dr. Khaled Al-Harbi thanked Dr. Abdul Rahman Al-Sulaiman and Dr. Walid Al-Salem for coordinating the preparation and success of this unique meeting.
Animal models requirements and regulations
The head of the comparative medicine department at King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Dr. Abdullah bin Muhammad Asiri, in turn, referred to the requirements and regulations for animal models, explaining that the use of experimental animals contributed to speeding up scientific discoveries and studying and fighting animal and human diseases.
Al-Asiri said: “There are ethical and scientific standards that must be applied to benefit from experiments on animal models. Unfortunately, there are significant deficiencies in this field at the level of research laboratories in research centers and Saudi universities, noting that the application of scientific and ethical standards for the care and use of experimental animals is of utmost benefit in terms of Scientific and economic budgets of scientific research and encourages joint cooperation between national and international research centers.
Using experimental animals
The President of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society, Dr. Moraq Al-Otaibi, talked about the basics of using animals in medical research, and how to use this stage for the next stages of experiments, and he touched on a mechanism for carefully selecting animal models of experiments based on the goals of the study and the importance of caring for them.
Evolution of medical science and vaccines
On the other hand, the President of the Saudi Veterinary Medical Association and the supervisor of the Scholarship Department at King Faisal University, Dr. Salah Al-Shami, stated that one of the benefits and importance of the veterinary profession is that it “greatly benefited human medicine when conducting animal experiments, as this contributed to the development of medical science and vaccine science that Among its pioneers were Louis Pasteur and Robert Koch. He emphasized that "veterinary medicine plays a major role in protecting people from foodborne diseases."
"Al-Shami" reviewed the reports of the World Health Organization, which clarified the role of veterinary medicine in the general health of the human person by ensuring the health and safety of human food from meat, milk, poultry and fish, as well as in protecting the human being from common diseases transmitted from animals to humans, which amount to 75%. In addition to environmental safety through controlling animal wastes, good use of pesticides and drugs used for animals, as well as the care and health of animals used in human social life such as wild animals, domestic animals, experimental animals, as well as horses and camel racing.
Dr. Walaa Al-Alwani, from the Department of Biochemistry at the Faculty of Science at the University of Jeddah, explained that recent years have witnessed unprecedented growth in the field of nanoscience research, and scientists believe that the application of nanotechnology in the medical field will achieve great progress in the pharmaceutical industry and the diagnosis and prevention of diseases, however The topic is a difficult challenge given the need to understand how nanoparticles interact within a living biological system, and highlighted applications of nanomedicines, specifically the manufacture of drugs associated with nanoparticles and their application to the animal model.
With regard to diseases related to animal communication, the specialist of infectious diseases and medical vaccines, Dr. Abdulaziz Al-Awfi talked about the concept of one health and common diseases, and mentioned that 75% of the emerging pathogens are animal source more than 1400 of the current human pathogens, and then talked about ways of transmitting diseases From animal to human, as well as classification of common animal diseases, noting some common diseases of some animals used in COVID-19.
The latest developments
The Professor of Viruses, a member of the Supreme Consultative Committee of the Saudi Veterinary Medical Association, Dr. Majid Hamida, shed light on the latest research developments related to the role of different experimental animals in finding vaccines, vaccines and medicines in the areas of coronaviruses in general and the emerging corona virus in particular.