The interaction between staphylococcal superantigen-like proteins and human dendritic cells.

The interaction between staphylococcal superantigen-like proteins and human dendritic cells.

Staphylococcus aureus produce a family of exotoxins (staphylococcal superantigen like proteins, SSLs) with structural, but not functional, homology to superantigens. These proteins have previously been shown to interact selectively with antigen presenting cells, including dendritic cells. The functional consequences of this interaction are now explored. SSL7 and 9 had no effect on viability or morphology of dendritic cells. The proteins did not induce dendritic cell maturation, as measured by cell surface phenotype. Exposure to SSL did not alter the ability of dendritic cells to take up FITC-dextran. Finally, exposure to SSLs did not impair the ability of the dendritic cells to stimulate allogeneic or antigen specific T cell responses. However, dendritic cells loaded with SSL7 or 9 were able to stimulate a T cell proliferative response in 3/8 healthy individuals tested. Sera from nine out of 10 individuals tested contained antibodies against both SSL7 and SSL9, and the response to each SSL was specific and not cross-reactive. The results demonstrate that SSLs are immunogenic in humans at both the B and T cell level, but it remains unclear whether this response is to the benefit of the bacterium or the host.

المزيد من الأحداث

الملتقى السادس للجمعيات العلمية ٢٠١٩

رعى صاحب السمو الملكي الأمير محمد بن عبدالرحمن بن عبدالعزيز نائب أمير منطقة الرياض، فعاليات الملتقى السادس...

المؤتمر السعودي الدولي للمختبرات الطبية

المؤتمر السعودي الدولي للمختبرات الطبية التسجيل في المؤتمر ندعوكم للمشاركة في المؤتمر السعودي...

إضافة أعضاء لمجلس الإدارة

تم عقد الجمعية العمومية للدورة الرابعة للجمعية السعودية لعلوم المختبرات الإكلينيكية يوم الإثنين ٢٣ رجب...